Do women need different nutrients than men? Aren't vitamins, minerals and trace elements all important and of equal importance for both sexes? No, say experts. Women should be given special support.
The female body has to adjust or be "reprogrammed" for different life phases in the course of life. While men are confronted with their hormones almost only during puberty, women experience hormonal fluctuations more frequently. After puberty comes pregnancy, followed by menopause, which ends with a menopause. Each of these phases of life throws the female hormonal balance into great turmoil. During these times, a plus of certain vital substances is urgently needed.
Auf welche Nährstoffe sollte eine Frau besonders achten? Wir stellen die wichtigsten fünf Nährstoffe vor.
1. Iron - our energy supplier
Low iron is probably the most common deficiency among women of childbearing age. The National Nutrition Survey II has shown that 14 % of men and 58 % of women do not reach the recommended daily intake1 Iron is an important micronutrient. It is a component of the blood pigment haemoglobin and is responsible in the red blood cells for transporting oxygen from the lungs to the tissues in the body. The body contains 2 to 4 grams of iron, which does not seem like much. For this reason, iron is one of the trace elements.
Many women have a latent iron deficiency due to heavy menstruation and before the onset of menopause. But a vegetarian lifestyle is also a risk factor for iron deficiency. Pregnant women who do not eat meat are particularly affected. Iron deficiency often manifests itself in constant fatigue, listlessness and poor concentration. Visible signs are brittle hair and nails, dry skin and cracks in the corners of the mouth. In addition, there is an increased susceptibility to infections. It is therefore advisable to have your iron levels checked regularly. This can easily be done by taking a blood sample.
Where is iron? Iron from animal products is better absorbed by the body (keyword: bioavailability). But also sesame seeds, chanterelles, wheat bran, pumpkin seeds are good suppliers of this trace element. Since iron is definitely one of the important nutrients for women, care should be taken to ensure sufficient intake.
2. Vitamin D - the sun vitamin
Vitamin D has been on everyone's lips for some years now. The sunshine vitamin is significantly involved in bone metabolism and also promotes the absorption of phosphate and calcium from the intestine and their incorporation into the bones. It thus contributes to bone mineralisation. According to the Hamburg Bone Biopsy Study from 2017, one in four apparently healthy people has an insufficient bone mineralisation disorder, which can significantly increase the risk of osteroporosis.
Thus, the sun vitamin is indispensable for everyone. For women, however, it is especially important. Studies of post-menopausal women have shown that a good vitamin D supply alone can reduce the risk of breast cancer by 70 percent. In this context, it is advisable to have one's vitamin D level checked after the menopause.
Where is vitamin D?As the name suggests, we "fill up" on the sun vitamin exclusively outdoors and mostly when the sun is shining. To be precise, vitamin D enters our bodies through UV-B radiation. This is how 80 - 90 percent of the vitamin can be formed by the organism. Since the sun does not shine 365 days a year in Germany, a good vitamin D supply is assumed between the end of March and the beginning of October. In the remaining months, this requirement is not covered and should be supported by other means.
3. Folic acid - the growth promoter
The bad news first: our body needs folic acid for its growth because it is responsible for cell division. However, it cannot produce it itself. We therefore have to take folic acid specifically through food or resort to food supplements.
Women of childbearing age in particular need folic acid. It is an indispensable vitamin for well-functioning cell division.
Where is folic acid? In vegetables (salad leaves, asparagus, cabbage, carrots, broccoli), legumes (soybeans, peas), wheat bran and wholemeal products, in egg yolk. Do not underestimate folic acid: it is one of the important nutrients for women.
4. Selenium - the cell protector
Selenium is a trace element and plays an important role above all as an antioxidant. It is also involved in the metabolism of thyroid hormones. A selenium deficiency can promote thyroid problems.
Women are more likely to have a selenium deficiency than men because they are physically as well as psychologically stressed due to a multiple burden of family, job and household. Stress can significantly increase the need for selenium.
Where is selenium? Brazil nuts, legumes, blueberries, broccoli, lentils, sesame seeds, onions, garlic, meat, eggs and farmed fish.
5. B vitamins - the radical scavengers
From building DNA to metabolism to stress resistance - vitamins of the so-called B group are enormously important for our body. Although they are found in many foods we consume daily, they cannot be stored by the body (except for vitamins B12 and B3). For this reason, we need to ensure a long-term supply of B vitamins through food.
During pregnancy and breastfeeding, but also when we are under too much stress, the need for vitamins of the B group is significantly increased. Thus, women are particularly affected. It could manifest itself in irritability, lack of concentration as well as fatigue. Women who take the pill are more likely to have a vitamin B deficiency.
Where are the B vitamins? Legumes, nuts, whole grains, hard cheeses, meat and fish, green vegetables.
Our FemVital preparations are especially adapted to the needs of women. They contain, among other things, selenium, vitamins of the B group and vitamin D.
In the production of FemVital The production of FemVital incorporates the latest findings from our team of experts in cell research. With our unique CARE® technology, you maximise cell renewal for the high-performance active woman. For optimal tolerance and absorption of the ingredients in your body, we pay attention to naturalness and high bioavailability.
FemVital: More energy, more vitality, much more woman!
Which nutrients do you pay particular attention to and which ones have you now read about for the first time?